When it comes to developing a new training project, the right methodology is your key to success.
Two popular options for curriculum development are ADDIE and Agile. While both can be effective, they have different approaches and strengths.
Understanding the differences between these methodologies can help you choose the right one for your curriculum development project.
If you’re not in charge of choosing a methodology for training, this guide will give you an idea of what you might expect when you do start your next project.
Understanding ADDIE and Agile.
ADDIE stands for:
It is a linear, step-by-step approach to development that emphasizes planning and documentation.
Agile, on the other hand, is a more flexible and iterative approach that emphasizes collaboration and adaptability. It involves breaking the project down into smaller, more manageable chunks and continuously testing and refining the product—in this case, a course.
Agile is often used in software development and product design where frequent updates and changes are expected.
It’s also helpful in training. Agile can be used as learner needs change and courses need to be updated to keep up with what they require. An agile approach will let you take feedback from learners, instructors, and other stakeholders, and fold it into the development process to keep refining the course.
Agile is one of the most common development methodologies besides ADDIE. Other common development methodologies include Scrum, Lean, Waterfall, and Rapid Application Development (RAD). Each one has its own set of principles, processes, and tools that can be applied depending on the project requirements and what the team needs.
Understanding the differences between these methodologies can help you choose the one that best fits your project’s needs.
Pros and cons of ADDIE.
One of the main advantages of ADDIE is its emphasis on planning and documentation. This can help ensure that the project stays on track and that all stakeholders are on the same page.
For example, let’s say your agency is developing a training program for new employees on a health screening process.
By following the ADDIE model, the training team would follow a process like this.
First, they would conduct a thorough analysis of the employees’ training needs (e.g., who needs more training around screening and who already knows it) and the goals of the training program (e.g., pivot to a new process for screening).
Then, they would design the training materials, develop the content, and implement the training program.
Finally, they would evaluate the effectiveness of the program to determine if it met the desired outcomes.
However, this can also lead to a slower development process and may not be as adaptable to changes in the project.
You can’t really make changes on the fly with ADDIE. Imagine a situation where you’re creating a new course using the ADDIE model. But during the implementation phase, someone discovers that a mistake was made early on and the training needs to be modified. You’ll have to back the whole process up.
Additionally, the linear nature of ADDIE may not be suitable for projects that require a more flexible approach.
On the other hand, the structured approach of ADDIE can be beneficial for projects that require a high degree of planning and coordination. For example, if you are developing a training program for a large organization, ADDIE can help ensure that all participants receive consistent and effective training.
Pros and cons of Agile.
Agile development methodology is known for its flexibility and adaptability. It allows for changes to be made throughout the development process, which can be beneficial for projects that require frequent updates or changes.
For example, suppose your training program includes a simulation exercise that allows learners to practice specific skills, like taking blood pressure. But it comes out that the equipment you’re using for demonstration isn’t what you requested. It will work, but it needs to be tweaked.
With Agile methodology, trainers can receive feedback from learners on the simulation exercise and adjust the content and delivery method accordingly.
However, this can also lead to a lack of documentation and planning, which can make it difficult to track progress and ensure that all stakeholders are on the same page. Additionally, the fast-paced nature of Agile may not be suitable for projects that require a more structured approach.
On the other hand, Agile’s flexibility and adaptability can be beneficial for projects that require rapid prototyping and testing. For example, when developing a new learning platform, Agile helps you quickly iterate and refine the platform based on user feedback.
A company may use rapid prototyping and testing to develop a new employee training program. The initial prototype may consist of a simple outline of the program and a few key modules, which are tested with a small group of employees. Based on their feedback, the prototype is refined and additional modules are added. This process is repeated until the program is deemed effective and ready for full-scale implementation.
Choosing the right methodology for your project.
When choosing between ADDIE and Agile, it’s important to consider the specific needs and requirements of your project.
Some key factors to consider include:
- The size and scope of the project
- The level of planning and documentation required
- The degree of flexibility and adaptability needed
- The timeline and budget for the project
- The skills and experience of the development team
If you have a clear understanding of the project scope and requirements, and you don’t anticipate many changes or updates, ADDIE may be the better choice.
On the other hand, if your training project requires frequent updates or changes, and you need a more flexible approach, Agile may be the way to go.
Ultimately, the decision will depend on your project goals, timeline, and resources.
Combining ADDIE and Agile for optimal results.
While ADDIE and Agile are often seen as opposing methodologies, they can actually be combined for optimal results.
This approach, known as the ADDIE-Agile Hybrid Model, involves using ADDIE for the initial planning and design phases. Then, you switch to Agile for the development and implementation stages. This allows for a more structured approach to planning and design, while still allowing for flexibility and adaptability during the development process.
However, it’s important to note that this approach may not be suitable for all projects. And careful consideration should be given to the specific needs and requirements of each project before deciding on a methodology.
Whatever the training team decides, the key to success will probably lie in one of these methodologies or a combination. They both have different approaches and strengths. Understanding where these lay will help you nudge your project on a positive track.
Ready to start your next training project? Contact Talance for a free consultation with our training specialists.